Live Coronavirus Cases
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently and not touching your face.
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, According to the World Health Organization (WHO), viral diseases continue to emerge and represent a serious issue to public health. In the last twenty years, several viral epidemics such as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) from 2002 to 2003, and H1N1 influenza in 2009, have been recorded. Most recently, the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
The present-day, an epidemic of cases with unexplained low respiratory infections detected in Wuhan, the largest metropolitan area in China's Hubei province,
was first reported to the WHO Country Office in China, on December 31, 2019. On February 11, 2020, the WHO Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, announced that the disease caused by this new CoV was a "COVID-19," which is the acronym of "coronavirus disease 2019".
SARS-CoV provoked a large-scale epidemic beginning in China and involving two dozen countries with approximately 8000 cases and 800 deaths (fatality rate of 9,6%), and the MERS-CoV that began in Saudi Arabia and has approximately 2,500 cases and 800 deaths (fatality rate of 35%) and still causes as sporadic cases.
The spread of Cases of the new Virus Globally :
This new virus is very contagious and has quickly spread globally. In a meeting on January 30, 2020, per the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005),
the outbreak was declared by the WHO a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) as it had spread to 18 countries with four countries reporting human-to-human transmission.
From China, the disease spread to Europe. In Italy, in geographic regions of the north, initially, and subsequently throughout the peninsula,
political and health authorities have made incredible efforts to contain a shock wave that has severely tested the health system.
Afterwards, the COVID-19 quickly crossed the ocean and as of August 6, 2020, about 4,830,000 cases (with 159,000 deaths) have been recorded in the US, whereas Brazil with more than 2,860,000 cases and about 97,418 deaths is the most affected state in South America and the second in the world after the US.
The first cases of the COVID-19 disease were linked to direct exposure to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market of Wuhan, the animal-to-human transmission was presumed as the main mechanism. Nevertheless, subsequent cases were not associated with this exposure mechanism.
Therefore, it was concluded that the virus is transmitted from human-to-human, and symptomatic people are the most frequent source of COVID-19 spread. Because of the possibility of transmission before symptoms, and thus individuals who remain asymptomatic could transmit the virus, isolation is the best way to contain this epidemic.
The first case of COVID-19 in India, which originated from China, was reported on 30 January 2020. India currently has the largest number of confirmed cases in Asia,
and has the third-highest number of confirmed cases in the world after the United States and Brazil with the number of totals confirmed cases breaching the 100,000 marks on 19 May, 200,000 on 3 June, and 1,920,000 confirmed cases on 6 August 2020.
India's case fatality rate is among the lowest in the world at 2.41% as of 23 July and is steadily declining. Six cities account for around half of all reported cases in the country – Mumbai, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Pune and Kolkata.
As of 24 May 2020, Lakshadweep is the only region which has not reported a case. India's recovery rate stands at 67.61% as on 6 August 2020.
On 10 June, India's recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time. On 30 January, India reported its first case of COVID-19 in Kerala, which rose to three cases by 3 February; all were students returning from Wuhan. Apart from these, no significant rise in transmissions was observed in February. On 4 March 22 new cases were reported, including 14 infected members of an Italian tourist group.
COVID-19 – The negative impact:
More than 45% of households across the nation have reported an income drop as compared to the previous year.
The Indian economy was expected to lose over ₹32,000 crores (US$4.5 billion) every day during the first 21-days of complete lockdown, which was declared following the coronavirus outbreak. Most governments around the world have temporarily closed educational institutions in an attempt to contain the spread of COVID-19. As of 6 August 2020, approximately 1.725 billion learners are currently affected due to school closures in response to the pandemic.
According to UNICEF monitoring, 106 countries are currently implementing nationwide closures and 55 are implementing local closures, impacting about 98.6 per cent of the world's student population. 48 countries' schools are currently open. The small business suffered a lot, people selling near platforms etc suffered a lot due to this. People are forced to take shelter in Homes. They are afraid and many of them don't know precaution measures.
COVID-19 – The positive impact:
"Wildlife is rejuvenating" Apart from sighting the occasional leopard on the streets of quasi-urban Maharashtra and spotting flocks of flamingos in Navi Mumbai, other wildlife including that of mountain goats, bison, wild cats, fishing cats, civets and birds. Migratory birds are returning to lakes and water bodies they had once abandoned due to heavy pollution and human intervention.
Nature is healing while people restrict their movement outdoors and vehicles retreat to garages and depots. The air is cleaner and the environment is greener
Greenhouse gas emissions and pollution levels across the country have fallen significantly. Half a year ago Delhi was gasping for a breath of fresh air saw “positively alpine” air quality a couple of days ago. Delhi is currently enjoying one of the lowest air pollution levels seen in the past decade or longer.
The same is true for other metropolitan cities like Mumbai and Kolkata.
"Crime incidents have become rarer"
Crime rates in Delhi and Gurugram have plummeted in the last one month after the COVID-19 fear almost paralyzed the cities.
Delhi police have registered only 2,000 cases including petty theft, robbery and automobile theft since March 15, 2020. It represents a sharp 45% drop in crime rates in the capital of India. The drop in crime rates corresponds to the reduction in the percentage of vehicle thefts, which has given some mental peace to owners of personal and commercial vehicles some mental peace in these tumultuous times. A similar drop in crime rates has also been witnessed across other major cities like Kolkata, Chennai, and Mumbai. The Prime Minister’s decision of a complete lockdown for 21-days and the vigilance by the local law enforcement has contributed significantly to the steep decline in the crime rate in several cities and towns.
COVID is promoting an online environment which helps in reducing liability on infrastructures and help us to increase efficiency. The COVID-19 has resulted in schools shut all across the world. Globally, over 1.2 billion children are out of the classroom, As a result, education has changed dramatically, with the distinctive rise of e-learning, whereby teaching is undertaken remotely and on digital platforms.
Transmission Across globe:
188,000 cases and around 706,000 deaths worldwide. It is part of a family of viruses called coronaviruses that infect both animals and people. This particular one originated in China at the end of 2019, in the city of Wuhan, which has 11 million residents.
In the past two decades coronavirus outbreaks have caused global concern, including one in 2003 with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and more recently in 2012 with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus spread across the globe mainly due to people which came in contact with the people who is already positive. These people travelled back to their country and unintentionally carry virus with them.
It then spread quickly across the globe in the first months of 2020, reaching more than 15 million confirmed cases by the second half of July. Europe and North America saw the first major outbreaks in April but as they began to ease, Latin America and Asia started seeing an increase in cases. North America has seen a resurgence of infections in recent weeks, mostly driven by new outbreaks in the US.
Current evidence suggests that COVID-19 spreads between people through direct, indirect (through contaminated objects or surfaces), or close contact with infected people via mouth and nose secretions. These include saliva, respiratory secretions or secretion droplets. These are released from the mouth or nose when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks or sings, for example. People who are in close contact (within 1 metre) with an infected person can catch COVID-19 when those infectious droplets get into their mouth, nose or eyes. To avoid contact with these droplets, it is important to stay at least 1 metre away from others, clean hands frequently, and cover the mouth with a tissue or bent elbow when sneezing or coughing. When physical distancing (standing one metre or more away) is not possible, wearing a fabric mask is an important measure to protect others. Cleaning hands frequently is also critical.
From the United States and China to Kazakhstan and Thailand, 30 countries around the world are engaged in research to find a vaccine to shield their population from the coronavirus, as the global Covid-19 caseload passed 18.8 million and the death toll topped 706,000 at the latest count.
Currently more than 150 countries are engaged in the process to provide vaccine for this global pandemic.
Universities, pharmaceutical companies, research institutes and government laboratories in those countries are working on 133 possible vaccinations as of early June.
LEADING COMPANIES IN THE RACE FOR DEVLOPING VACCINE:-
Seventy-five countries submit expressions of interest to COVAX Facility, joining up to 90 further countries which could be supported by the COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC)
The COVAX Facility, and the AMC within it, is designed to guarantee rapid, fair and equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines for every country in the world, rich and poor, to make rapid progress towards slowing the pandemic.
The US leads the global race for a Covid-19 vaccine with 39 research projects, either independently or in partnership with other countries. Chinese institutions and companies are working on 20 projects of those projects under way, 11 are being carried out on humans.
China is working on five of those vaccine developments, while the US is working on three.
At least "seven Indian pharma companies" are working to develop a vaccine for the coronavirus as they join global efforts to find a preventive to check the spread of the deadly virus that has already infected more than 14 million globally. Bharat Biotech, Serum Institute, Zydus Cadila, Panacea Biotec, Indian Immunologicals, Mynvax and Biological E are among the domestic pharma firms working on the Covid-19 vaccine projects.
Analysts looked closely at the 110 candidates that currently exist and decided that the following six organizations/collaborators have the best chance of winning the vaccine race -:
University of Oxford/AstraZeneca (AZN)
BioNTech (BNTX)/Pfizer (PFE)
Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)
Sanofi (SNY)/GlaxoSmithKline (GSK)
CORONAVIRUS PRECAUTIONS: How to protect yourself from Covid-19
Latest Update for Covid-19 Vaccine : Click Here
Protect yourself and others around you by knowing the facts and taking appropriate precautions. Follow advice provided by your local health authority.
To prevent the spread of COVID-19 :-
Clean your hands often. Use soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand rub.
Maintain a safe distance from anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Wear a mask when physical distancing is not possible.
Don’t touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
Cover your nose and mouth with your bent elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
Stay home if you feel unwell.
If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention.
Calling in advance allows your healthcare provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This protects you, and prevents the spread of viruses and other infections.
Masks can help prevent the spread of the virus from the person wearing the mask to others. Masks alone do not protect against COVID-19, and should be combined with physical distancing and hand hygiene.
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